What is the cost of palladium, and what are the ways to refine palladium?

Palladium has been widely used in automotive, medical, electronic and other fields because of its unique physical and chemical properties. But for many outside the industry, palladium's cost and refining methods remain a question. The production cost of palladium and various methods of palladium extraction are discussed in this paper.

First, the cost of producing palladium文章源自平泽贵金属回收公司 www.51gjs.comPINGZE Precious Metals Recycling-https://en.51gjs.com/48820.html

Palladium production costs involve many aspects such as mining, processing, refining and transportation. Since palladium is mainly produced in South Africa, Russia and Canada, production costs vary from place to place due to its unique mining conditions and technical methods.文章源自平泽贵金属回收公司 www.51gjs.comPINGZE Precious Metals Recycling-https://en.51gjs.com/48820.html

Palladium comes mainly from the rich deposits of platinum group metals in South Africa. Mining costs in South Africa are relatively low due to the wealth of mineral deposits and relatively low underground safety standards. Generally speaking, mining costs in South Africa range from $200-300 per ounce. And Canadian palladium uses pavement mining technology, which is relatively expensive, with mining costs of about $300-400 per ounce.文章源自平泽贵金属回收公司 www.51gjs.comPINGZE Precious Metals Recycling-https://en.51gjs.com/48820.html

Palladium production costs, in addition to mining costs, cannot be ignored. Production costs include labor, equipment, supplies and energy expenses. Palladium typically costs between $150 and $250 an ounce to produce. These costs cover the whole process of obtaining palladium from the ore until the final product leaves the factory.文章源自平泽贵金属回收公司 www.51gjs.comPINGZE Precious Metals Recycling-https://en.51gjs.com/48820.html

Second, the method of refining palladium文章源自平泽贵金属回收公司 www.51gjs.comPINGZE Precious Metals Recycling-https://en.51gjs.com/48820.html

Chlorination: The chlorination process is a commonly used palladium extraction method. The process is done by converting palladium from ore to fluoride and then extracting the metal palladium by distillation. The chlorination process has the advantages of simple operation, high purification rate and large output, but it is also accompanied by the discharge of waste gas and wastewater. For example, a large palladium manufacturer in South Africa has successfully achieved efficient extraction of palladium by using chlorination as the main extraction method.
Baking method: The baking method is to convert palladium in the ore into oxide or chlorine oxide by high-temperature baking, and then react with the oxidizer to obtain metal palladium. This method is simple to operate, low energy consumption, but the purification rate is relatively low, and the output is small. Therefore, baking methods are generally used to treat ores with low palladium content.
Solvent extraction method: The solvent extraction method uses the differences in the dissolution of different substances in the solvent to separate palladium and other impurities. This method has high purity, simple operation, but large solvent consumption and high cost. Therefore, solvent extraction methods are generally used where palladium purity is required.
Electrochemical method: electrochemical method by electrolyzing palladium containing solution, so that palladium ions precipitate metal palladium on the negative electrode. This method is easy to operate and can obtain high purity palladium products, but the equipment cost is high and the energy consumption is high. Electrochemical processes are generally used for palladium extraction and recovery.
In summary, the production cost of palladium is affected by mining conditions and processing methods, and the extraction methods of palladium have advantages and disadvantages. In practical application, in order to reduce the cost and improve the recovery and purity of palladium, it is necessary to choose the appropriate extraction method according to the actual needs and conditions.文章源自平泽贵金属回收公司 www.51gjs.comPINGZE Precious Metals Recycling-https://en.51gjs.com/48820.html 文章源自平泽贵金属回收公司 www.51gjs.comPINGZE Precious Metals Recycling-https://en.51gjs.com/48820.html

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